IRaN, general informatioN
Tehran is the capital of the Islamic Republic of Iran, it is situated on a plateau at the foot of the Alborz mountains in northern Iran. 50 km away is Mount Damavand 5671 meters high whose peaks are covered with snow much of the year, giving a spectacular panorama to the city.
The climate is very varied, while the summers are hot and dry with an average of 30-35ºC. The winter months can experience temperatures of up to -8ºC and receive abundant snowfalls. The precipitation of rains however is scarce.
Being located in the northern hemisphere, the seasons coincide with those of European countries, being able to travel almost all year except for the months of January and August due to the most adverse weather.
The palaces "Saad -Abad" and "Niavaran" with a more contemporary architectural style and the palace "Golestan" built in the eighteenth century, the place of coronation of the last kings, form this contrast present in the architecture of the monument of this city. One of the most emblematic buildings is the Monument to Freedom or "Borje Azadi" commemorating the 2,500th anniversary of the Persian Empire.
The communication tower "Milad" is the symbol of modernity of this buzzing city.
The national archaeological museum and the glass museum called "Abguineh" together with the museum of crown jewels and the carpet museum are other interesting places to visit. The great Bazaar of the city very close to the Golestan Palace is without a doubt the essence of commercial Tehran. Walking through the long streets of this place is an unforgettable experience for the visitor.
Being surrounded by mountains, it has several sports complexes that allow practicing winter sports. The Tochal and Abali tracks, among others, facilitate the enjoyment of lovers of practicing eski. Tehran has two international airports that allow the air connection with all the major cities of the world allowing the traveler to schedule their stay or make air connections with other cities in Iran.
Halfway between the Caspian Sea to the north, and the Persian Gulf to the south, in the center of Iran, is the beautiful and fascinating city of Isfahan. Declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, Isfahan is one of the most beautiful cities in Asia.
"Esfahan nesfe jahan" or "Isfahan half world", as the Iranians name this city, hosts a multitude of historical monuments bequeathed by a splendid past and center of power in the not too distant past.
It is the third most populous city in Iran and is considered the capital of culture and architecture within Iran. Naghshe Jahan Square or Imam Square, built in 1602, is declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco, together with the great Imam mosque, one of the best examples of the refinement of decorative art and polychromy in the time of the Safavid dynasty.
The palace of Aali Ghapu, and Baghe Chehel Sotun (the garden of forty columns) as typical Persian classical garden, are other interesting points to visit, as are the historic bridges of Khaju and Si-o-se pol located on the Zayandeh River that crosses Isfahan and increases its beauty if it fits.
Isfahan is an important craft center. In the streets near Imam Square there are many workshops of miniaturist painters, ceramics and craftsmen who work wood and metal, creating the famous pieces of art called "monabbat kary", in addition to the stores where the appreciated carpets are exhibited and the typical fabrics of Isfahan. It is a delight to walk through the streets of this beautiful and historic bazaar, where the visitor can have a cup of tea and enjoy this charming atmosphere.
It is one of the oldest cities in Iran. It is located in the geographic center of the country, where the two large deserts, namely Kavire Lut and Kavire Namak, come together.
The origins of Yazd go back to the empire of the Medes from 3000 years ago, who formed the first dynasties established in this region of Iran.
The current name of the city is derived from the name of King Yazdgerd I, of the Sasánida dynasty. Yazd was the birthplace of the Zoroastrian religion that was practiced in Persia, before the conquest of the country by the Arabs, during the Sassanid dynasty.
Marco Polo the great Venetian traveler visited Yazd in 1272 and wrote about silk production and the importance of the city in commercial exchange with other regions.
Being surrounded by deserts, it has a warm and dry climate during the summers and low temperatures during the winter months.
Yazd houses many places of cultural interest for the traveler. The towers of silence on the outskirts of the city and the temple of fire belong to the followers of the Zoroastrian religion. The sacred fire inside the temple chamber has been kept alive for 1700 years continuously. The Amir Chakahmagh square and the mosque that presides over this square are other highlights along with the water museum and Alejandra prison.
Yazd is famous for its architectural style of its buildings, which mitigate adverse weather conditions, due to the proximity of the desert. Another of the symbols of Yazd are the ventilation towers, present in the oldest buildings in the city. One of the largest towers in the city is located in the beautiful Dowlat abbot garden.
Recently the city of Yazd was declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco as a whole, as it houses many buildings and historical monuments. It is a pleasure to walk through the old quarters of the city and enjoy the hospitality of the people of this beautiful city.
One of the cities of Iran with a special charm is Shiraz, capital of Fars province located in the south-east of the country, in the middle of a fertile valley with a very mild climate. It is the birthplace of many Persian poets and literati, for this reason Shiraz is known as the city of poets and flowers. It is a very cultural and open city being its inhabitants famous for their tolerant and friendly nature.
Shiraz is the economic center of southern Iran. It is considered as the country's granary due to the large production of rice and wheat crops. Viticulture, citriculture and floriculture along with livestock are other agricultural activities in this region of Iran.
It is also an important center of the Iranian electronics industry, which together with the oil refinery form an important industrial fabric. Shiraz University is one of the most prestigious universities in the country and an important research center.
Shiraz houses many historical monuments such as palaces and fortifications, impressive mosques and fabulous well-kept gardens. It was the capital of Persia during the reign of the Zand dynasty (1747-1779) whose kings left a fabulous architectural legacy.
Among the most emblematic monuments we can name, Arg- e Karimkhani (the citadel), Bazar de Vakil, the Nasir Al-Mulk mosque, Narenjestan's garden and the tombs of the poets Hafez and Saadi, two of the most famous poets in the Iranian culture.
In the vicinity of Shiraz we find the impressive ruins of Persepolis, capital of the ancient Persian Empire during the Achaemenid dynasty, and Naghshe Rostam and Pasargadah the site of the royal tombs of the Persian kings.
The Shiraz International Airport facilitates the arrival of passengers from various
About 90 km away from Kashan, on the route to Isfahan, we find the picturesque and beautiful Abeloeh pubelo, one of the oldest in Iran. It is a mountainous town whose houses are made of mud reddish color.
Recent excavations have uncovered the antiquity of the site dating back to the Sassanid dynasty. In fact there are remnants of fortifications from this period of Iran's history around the village.
It is very interesting to walk through the streets of the place and enjoy the closeness of its people and visit the old buildings of the town, such as the mosque and the local brotherhood and contemplate the beautiful views of the nearby valley.
Abyaneh is a magnet for national and foreign tourists. According to the last census there are about 300 people who live in the town permanently, although in the summer months this population increases due to tourism and the fact that the locals who study or work in cities such as Isfahan or Kashan return to the village to spend the holidays.
The typical attire of the women of Abyaneh is very characteristic and consists of a long scarf with floral patterns and a black skirt. The dialect of the people of Abyaneh preserves some words of ancient Persian language, Pahlavi.
Abyaneh is without a doubt an obligatory stop for the traveler to learn about the cultural diversity and way of life of the rural people of this part of Iran.
To complete the visit we can visit the town of Hanjan, a few kilometers on the road that goes to Abyaneh, where there is an ancient fortification made of mud. This fort allowed people living nearby to keep their crops and food avoiding looting and robbery by the invaders. Natanz is another interesting town to visit before continuing the road to Isfahan.
Kashan is located 180 km south of Tehran, on the route to Isfahan. It is one of the most historic cities in Iran. The archaeological studies and the excavations around the city have allowed to discover archaeological remains of the first human settlements whose antiquity is estimated at least 7500 years.
Today, Kashan is a growing city, due in part to an increase in the industrial fabric and the concentration of state and private companies. In the oldest part of the city we find some of the most emblematic monuments, such as the historical houses of the Brujerdi and the Tabatabaii of the 19th century that belonged to important families of local merchants.
Very close to these historic houses is the Sultan Ahmad bath, belonging to the Saffádid dynasty, whose walls are decorated with colorful paintings and ceramics. The ceilings of this bathroom are vaulted with characteristic skylights that provide natural light inside the enclosure.
The Garden End is another interesting place to visit. It is one of the oldest gardens in the country and is declared a world heritage site by Unesco. It is a beautiful oriental garden evoking paradise, with its avenues crossed by water channels that are supplied by a nearby underground river. In its interior there are buildings with their arches and vaults decorated with paintings and very spectacular frescoes,
The Garden End is very important in the recent history of the country, it is the place of exile and later assassination of the reformist prime minister of the country, Amir Kabir, in the 19th century, victim of palatial plot.
IMPORTANT NOTES TO TRAVEL TO IRAN
The bazaar of Tehran and other cities closes on Fridays all day and on Thursday afternoons.
Museums and historical monuments close the days of religious and national festivity.
Some museums and historical monuments have very restricted hours and days of visit.
The order of visits may change. If a visit is canceled for any reason, it is replaced by another.
Hotels may vary within the same category, depending on the availability of places at the time of confirmation of firm reservations.
Some cities and localities in Iran do not have 4 * or 5 * hotels, therefore room reservations will be made according to the highest existing hotel categories.
* Prices valid for hiring from January 01, 2019 to December 31, 2019 except printing error or exceptional conditions of force majeure.
It is compulsory to have travel insurance that covers the entire stay in Iran, an essential requirement to process the entry visa.
Your passport must not include the stamp of entry and / or exit from Israel since in that case the visa will be denied.
Valid passport with more than 6 months of validity from the date of termination of your trip.
The dress code must be respected, according to the country's rules.
The routes established in the route can be modified due to adverse climatic causes.