IRAN, CULTURE AND HISTORY
Iran, called Persia until the last century, is one of the oldest countries in the world. The region of Mesopotamia formed by countries like Iran, Iraq and part of present-day Turkey is considered the cradle of human civilizations. It is the place where the first human settlements were established, forming villages and communities and where agriculture developed.
Over the centuries different kingdoms, dynasties and empires were established, leaving their traces visible today in any corner of this great country. The most emblematic of them all is perhaps the Persian Empire whose great kings like Cyrus the Great, Darius 1, Xerxes, Artaxerxes and Darius II, were great rulers of their time and established a great empire that encompassed vast territories from faraway China to the territories located in Europe today.
After the Arab invasion in the year 636 of our era and the Islamization of the country many rulers of different origins reigned in this vast territory. Some, like the Mongols and the Turks, left their traces in the form of impressive architectural monuments and their artisans created objects of art very characteristic of their areas of origin. The original Persian art adapted these currents and not only did it not disappear but it was enriched and created objects of art in the form of paintings, miniatures and magnificent emblematic monuments.
To visit Iran today is to delve into centuries of history and contemplate the magnificence of its works of art belonging to both the pre-Islamic era and the monuments built during the Islamic period. Its different museums and historical monuments as well as the majesty of its palaces and mosques will pleasantly surprise you and remind you that the traveler is in one of the oldest countries in the world.